The first workshop focussed on power-to-x and its different potential uses.
Presentations and discussions revealed that benefits of power-to-x technologies in view of a stable net-zero emission energy system depend on the geographical location and on the short term, weekly or seasonal character of flexibility offered by power-to-x. Participants confirmed their strong interest to continue active exchange and support ENTSOs’ efforts to further improve their modelling architecture.
While the ENTSOs’ modelling approach represents a first comprehensive step for integrating power-to-x, the modelling of the German grid development plan (presented by 50Hertz) does already take the second step towards a detailed economic optimisation of power-to-x assets under market conditions.
Interlinkages of gas and electricity networks were identified as key challenges when it comes to an efficient infrastructure planning. Identifying synergies presupposes a robust understanding of the different electricity and gas demands in different sectors.
The METIS model developed by Artelys on behalf of the European Commission was welcomed for allowing transparent co-optimisation of different infrastructure and flexibility solutions.